What is Laser Surgery?

What is laser eye surgery?

Laser eye surgery (or laser vision correction) is a medical technique that precisely reshapes certain parts of the eye to correct focusing errors, such as:


The first modern laser eye surgeries were performed in the late 1980s. Since then, the field has broadened to include new techniques and equipment. Taken collectively, the various kinds of laser eye procedures are among the most common of all surgeries performed.

what is laser eye surgery

What are the different kinds of laser eye surgery?

There are several approaches to laser eye surgery. Your ophthalmologist will discuss with you which type of laser procedure that applies to your unique eyesight requirements.

All Laser LASIK – a method that uses two different lasers for creating the corneal flap as well as the reshaping.

Traditional LASIK – a technique that uses an automated microkeratome and the excimer laser for the procedure.

Smartsurface (Transepithelial PRK) – An all laser approach to laser eye surgery (SmartSurfACE™)

Lens or Implant surgery – an effective approach for those over 45, or for those with very high prescriptions or for some who have been previously advised they were unsuitable for Laser Eye Surgery.

Will it hurt?

Almost every patient wants to know what laser eye surgery is like. What will I see?  Will it hurt?

First, laser eye surgery has been around for more than 25 years and more than 45 million procedures have been performed since 1991. Laser eye surgery has an incredible safety and efficacy record, perhaps safer than wearing contact lenses.

Patient satisfaction rates are as high as 98 percent. Second, and many people don’t realise this, the special laser beam we use is cold not hot. No burning here. We also use a mild drop for an anaesthetic.

All of this means that what you will see during the procedure is a bright light and all you’ll feel is pressure on the eye itself. During recovery, you will likely experience eye discomfort and dryness, but, once again, actual pain is rare.

What if I move?

Sudden movements do not affect the procedure. The lasers we use are computer-controlled.

They scan your eye more than 1000 times per second to track and adjust to any movements. And, besides, your eyes are always making tiny movements, called microsaccades, that you cannot consciously control anyway.